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Terrorism poses a troubling challenge to the future of a unified and secure international community, warns Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban in a foreign policy address at Tufts.

Medford/Somerville, Mass. [02.08.02] The continuing threat of terrorism since Sept. 11 poses a major challenge to global stability, Hungary's prime minister told an audience at Tufts University. Viktor Orban -- who was at the University's Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy to receive an honorary degree -- said a new approach to diplomacy will be required to ensure peace and stability across Europe and the rest of the international community.

"We had been witnessing 'a great global reorientation,' I might say, in which nations and international actors were re-defining their relationships to one another," Orban said. "This great global reorientation was altered by the events of Sept. 11."

Prior assumptions about the future were suddenly irrelevant.

"Behind the smoke and fire of the explosions of Sept. 11, we cannot yet see clearly what the century will look like," he said. "What we can see, however, is that these devastating explosions put an end to many illusions about our security, and it also ended some illusions about international policy."

While a global community remains a priority, Orban also said national security must be a focus.

"This attack reminds us that we cannot dismantle borders, allow the unlimited global movement of people, assets or information without regard to our security," the prime minister said in his address as Tufts.

Orban's address was widely reported across Europe.

According to a BBC report on Orban's visit to Tufts, "The Hungarian Prime Minister urged the civilized world to be cautious and to manage cleverly its basic values because terrorism constitutes a special challenge."

Orban said economic and military superiority are no longer enough to win the battle against terrorism. Global alliances, he said, are increasingly important.

"Behind the smoke and debris of Sept. 11, we can still say that the ruins did not hurt our alliance," Orban said. "Quite the opposite. Wide international anti-terrorist cooperation is a most welcome development."

Before his address, Tufts President Lawrence S. Bacow presented Orban with an honorary degree of letters for his leadership in Hungary and Europe. The degree was the first presented by Bacow since he took office as president in September.

The timing of the visit to Tufts was particularly meaningful to the 38-year-old Hungarian prime minister.

Orban's speech was 150 years, almost to the day, after another Hungarian freedom fighter delivered a major address in Boston.

In 1852 -- the same year Tufts was founded -- Louis Kossuth gave a rousing speech about liberty to more than 50,000 Bostonians at Faneuil Hall.

At the time, Kossuth hoped freedom and liberty would soon prevail in Hungary, which was under a dictatorship at the time.

According to Orban, the moment of freedom took more than 138 years to arrive.

"Indeed, just a little more than ten years ago, young people like myself were faced with a tough choice upon entering adulthood," said the Hungarian prime minister. "It was a choice between submitting themselves to a system of totalitarian dictatorship or emigrating to the free world. It was a choice between their home and their freedom, between their families and freedom."

Orban and his countrymen chose freedom. "And today, I can stand in front of you, as prime minister of an allied countrTufts E-News -- "The Great Global Reorientation"y, asked to accept the honor your prestigious university really bestows upon my fellow countrymen in recognition of their achievements," he said. "It is a real honor."

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